Start To Lose Weight

Race in Medicine — Genetic Variation, Social Categories, and Paths to Health Equity


  • 1. Muñoz AP, Kim M, Chang M, Jackson RO, Hamilton D, Darity WA Jr. The color of wealth in Boston. Duke University, the New School, and the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. March 25, 2015. https://www.bostonfed.org/publications/one-time-pubs/color-of-wealth.aspx.

  • 2. Bonham VL, Sellers SL, Gallagher TH, et al. Physicians’ attitudes toward race, genetics, and clinical medicine. Genet Med 2009;11:279286.

  • 3. Crews DC, Purnell TS. COVID-19, racism, and racial disparities in kidney disease: galvanizing the kidney community response. J Am Soc Nephrol 2020;31:13.

  • 4. Kraus MW, Onyeador IN, Daumeyer NM, Rucker JM, Richeson JA. The misperception of racial economic inequality. Perspect Psychol Sci 2019;14:899921.

  • 5. Hoffman KM, Trawalter S, Axt JR, Oliver MN. Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016;113:42964301.

  • 6. Sirugo G, Williams SM, Tishkoff SA. The missing diversity in human genetic studies. Cell 2019;177:2631.

  • 7. Genovese G, Friedman DJ, Ross MD, et al. Association of trypanolytic ApoL1 variants with kidney disease in African Americans. Science 2010;329:841845.

  • 8. Crews DC, Charles RF, Evans MK, Zonderman AB, Powe NR. Poverty, race, and CKD in a racially and socioeconomically diverse urban population. Am J Kidney Dis 2010;55:9921000.

  • 9. McGinnis JM, Williams-Russo P, Knickman JR. The case for more active policy attention to health promotion. Health Aff (Millwood) 2002;21:7893.



  • Source link

    LEAVE A REPLY

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here

    Related Articles